Presence of bacteria in urine indicates urinary infection. In the case of a healthy bladder and kidney, urine is sterile and free of bacteria. Urinary infections are more susceptible to women, but they can also occur in men. The most common cause of urinary infections is impaired immunity in combination with poor hygiene of intimate body parts.
It often affects women for short and wide urinary tubes, while in men it occurs more rarely and, as a rule, requires additional urological treatment.
Causes of bacteria in the urine
A large number of bacteria in the urine lead to the development of a urinary infection, and these are some of the reasons why it can occur.
- passing bacteria from the intestine to the urinary system
- sexual intercourse
- poor or excessive hygiene that disturbs the bacterial flora
- swimming in public pools
- abstinence from urination
- in men enlarged prostate
- infection with sexually transmitted diseases
- insufficient fluid intake into the body and reduced bladder depletion
- immunity decline
Symptoms of an excessive number of bacteria in the urine
If there is too much bacteria in the urine, urinary infection occurs. The onset of the disease is nagging, and the symptoms range from poor to painful and severe.
- frequent urination, especially in pregnant women
- an unpleasant feeling
- pressure sensation when urinating
- pain in the lower part of the pelvis, abdomen and back
- symptoms of flu – fatigue and fatigue
- Blood in urine
Bacteria in the urine in children
Bacteria in the urine in children are common. Symptoms of urinary infection in children are often absent, and if they occur, it is usually only about elevated temperature. The risk group for the urinary infections in children is those who have an anatomical problem or inability to control urinary tract infections, and are also more common with girls than boys.
Treatment of urinary infections in a child is done according to pediatric advice. Parents should take care of the child’s hygiene and try to calm down and drink plenty of fluids.
Reduce the risk of urinary infection
Urinary tract and urinary tract infections can be prevented and treated with a few simple tips.
- Drink plenty of water
At least 8 glasses of water a day will often cause urination to bacteria from the bladder. Do not drink drinks that will irritate the bladder such as alcohol, lemon juice or caffeine-containing beverages.
- Moisten whenever you feel need
Retention from wetting for a long time allows the bacteria to multiply. As soon as you feel the need, go to wet and completely empty the bladder.
- Proper hygiene
Maintaining the purity of the genital area and proper wiping after high urgency can reduce the possibility of bacterial transmission from the rectal area to the urethra. After a great deal of urgency, swipe from forward to back.
Use plain, white toilet paper without color and perfume. In women, it is not recommended to use products such as intimate sprays, baths, and powders. You’d rather have a shower than to remember in a bathtub, and if you’re already bathing, let it not be longer than 30 minutes.
- Hygiene during sexual intercourse
After sex, wash your genital region and wet before and after. Urinating can help to remove the bacteria from the urine that could have been entered during the relationship. If you are using a lubricant, let it be on a natural base such as coconut or almond oil. If you have severe symptoms of urinary infection, completely avoid sexual intercourse.
There is a possibility that your partner will have to undergo therapy so that bacteria cannot be transmitted further.
- Take care of what clothes you wear
Change your underwear frequently and make sure it is not too narrow or that it is made of artificial materials. It’s best to wear cotton underwear that absorbs moisture and allows air flow. Do not wear tight pants. Since the bacteria quickly multiply in hot and humid places, we suggest that after showering or swimming, dry and gently dry and dress dry clothes.
Urine is usually clear like water, slightly yellowish and does not smell. Changes indicate specific diseases, such as the liver or kidneys. What if the urine stinks? The most important signs of what they can mean and when you should go to the doctor. Above all, brown urine is a concern.
If urine smells bad, it is always an occasion to go to the doctor. Every person has to urinate around eight times a day, leaving up to two liters of urine in the body. Urine consists of 95 percent water, the rest are metabolic products that cannot be recycled or are harmful. Urine is ideally crystal clear and pale yellow. Changes in urine can be signs of various health problems.
Therefore, look for the following changes in the urine:
Visible blood in the urine, so red streaks – can point to a pronounced inflammation. If there is additional pain when urinating, it is probably a bladder infection. Kidney infections Kidney infections or kidney stones can also lead to blood in the urine. Other possible, but more rare causes include kidney or prostate cancer and bladder cancer common among smokers.
Brown discoloration – this can be old blood. The causes are also cystitis or kidney disease in question. However, brown urine may also be a symptom of liver dysfunction (liver cirrhosis, hepatitis), bile () or pancreas (pancreatitis).
Intense yellowing – is common in bladder infections and kidney problems. More yellow urine means the opposite, you have not drunk enough sunk. Even in the morning, the urine is usually a little darker, if you did not have to go to the bathroom at night. The urine is then, so to speak, a little thickened, so concentrated. If the kidneys and bladder are rinsed again during the day, the yellowing becomes more pronounced. Amber yellow – often caused by the ingestion of vitamins, especially B vitamins.
Foam – when the urine foams when urinating, that usually means: too much protein in the urine. So one of the kidneys is not working properly. Causes of this dysfunction may be kidney tumors, diabetes, as well as hypertension. A harmless cause can be physical effort, such as exercise. In this case, the foam does not occur a few hours after exercise.
Bubbles – the urine bubbles so something. Cause is air bubbles in the urine. They usually form through a bladder-intestinal fistula. This is a small, tubular connection between bladder and intestine. These fistulas are the result of inflammation, sometimes in the context of a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
Cloudy urine – flakes and cloudiness may not only be signs of urinary tract infection. Sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea (gonorrhea) may also have this symptom.
Bad smell – a harmless symptom is when you have eaten asparagus. If his aspartic acid is metabolized, the penetrating-smelling substances remain behind and are excreted via the urine. However, if you have not eaten asparagus, stinking urine is usually indicative of bacterial urinary tract infection.
Fruity odor with a sweetish note – can indicate diabetes. The body tries to get rid of too much sugar through the urine.
Sweet smell and taste – nobody should be advised to pay for urine today. In fact, in the past, tasting, smelling and the appearance of urine belonged to the so-called “urine show”, an important diagnostic tool in the middle Ages. But if urine smells very sweet and probably tastes like that, there may be a pregnancy. Although this is primarily not an alarm sign. Conspicuously sweet urine may also indicate gestational diabetes and should therefore be clarified by a doctor.
Maintaining the purity of the genital area and proper erasing after high urgency can reduce the possibility of bacterial transmission from the rectal area to the urethra. After a great deal of urgency, swipe from forward to back. Use plain, white toilet paper without color and perfume. In women, it is not recommended to use products such as intimate sprays, baths, and powders. You’d rather have a shower than to remember in a bathtub, and if you’re already bathing, let it not be longer than 30 minutes.
The advice to go to the doctor applies, in principle, to all the signs mentioned. But first of all:
- Blood in the urine,
- brown urine and
- Strong-smelling urine.
These are real warning signs that need to be investigated as soon as possible.
Most harmless, however, are the following changes in the urine:
Clear as water, but no yellowing – probably you have drunk a lot.
Clear, but more yellow – means the opposite, you have not drunk enough sunk. Even in the morning, the urine is usually a little darker, if you did not have to go to the bathroom at night. The urine is then, so to speak, a little thickened, so concentrated. If the kidneys and bladder are rinsed again during the day, the yellowing becomes more pronounced. Amber yellow – often caused by the ingestion of vitamins, especially B vitamins.
Ketones in urine
An increased number of ketones in the urine (ketonuria) is due to a disturbance of the carbohydrate metabolism and the resulting glycogen deficiency of the liver. The body produces insufficient insulin, which makes it use fat cells to meet its energy needs. It releases fatty acids, which the organism eliminates with urine as a ketone body.
Healthy people temporarily develop ketonuria during pregnancy, fasting, infection, injury and surgery, and metabolic disorders. It also signals diabetes mellitus. If the patient is already affected by this condition and develops a ketonuria, this is life-threatening.
Ketones as a sign of acidification of the body
Ketones are acidic substances that result from the energy production of the organism from fat cells. Normally, the body uses glucose. If there is insufficient insulin, it attacks other energy depots. An increased fat loss and thus the excretion of ketone in urine have many causes. Sporting high performance, hunger, pregnancy or slimming diets lead to a ketonuria. If this occurs in diabetics, the body acidifies. There is a risk of coma.
What are ketones?
Urine ketones are fatty acids produced in the liver, called ketone bodies. They get into the blood. The body excretes it with the urine. If the doctor identifies those in the urine, there is ketonuria. Physicians use the terms synonymously: acetonuria, acetonuria, ketonuria and acetonuria.
Ketone bodies are formed when the pancreas produces too little of the blood sugar regulating hormone called insulin. One major cause is diabetes mellitus. Due to the deficiency, the body in the fatty tissue increasingly splits fats and thereby releases fatty acids. These ketone bodies include acetoacetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid and acetone.
Causes of ketonuria
The physician finds in urine increased ketones in insulin deficiency. This is the case with a first manifestation of diabetes mellitus or with inadequate treatment of the disease.
Likewise, after prolonged fasting ketones are increasingly in the urine. This is based on no specific illness. If the doctor detects a ketonuria in the test, he initiates further investigation to get to the root of the cause.