Menstruation or periodicity is a regular loss of blood and endometrium (commonly referred to as menstrual bleeding) through the vagina. Except in the case of pregnancy, menstruation occurs throughout the reproductive life of a woman.
The average duration of menstrual bleeding is 5 (+/- 2) days. Menstruation is manifested in a variety of ways, namely that some women first notice a light brownish discharge on their panties, some uncover a few drops of blood, and some women immediately develop bleeding. The average blood loss per cycle is 30 ml and can normally range from 13 to 80 ml. Menstrual bleeding is usually the most expensive second day of the cycle. The soaked hygienic cartridge or pad absorbs 5 to 15 ml.
Menstrual blood does not bloody, except for abundant bleeding, probably because fibrinolysin and other factors prevent bleeding. The menstrual cycle begins and ends on the first day of menstrual bleeding and can be divided into follicular (preovulatory), ovulatory and luteal (postovulatory) periods.
The average duration of the menstrual cycle is 28 days. Adult women may last from 21 to 35 days, and in adolescent patients from 21 to 45 days. Generally, the differences are greatest, and the differences between menstruation are the longest in years, immediately after menagement (first menstruation) and before menopause, when ovulation happens less regularly.
Menopause is a permanent cessation of menstrual bleeding. Girls usually get their first menstruation between the ages of 11 and 14, and menopause occurs between the ages of 45 and 55.
Many women get scared when they see traces of discharge on their underwear. Immediately goes to the analysis of how it looks, what color is it, whether it’s time for a gynecologist or a probiotic and an intimate soap will be enough. However, what many of us lose sight of, are variations of secretion during the menstrual cycle.
What is a vaginal secret?
To begin with, let us clarify. Vaginal secretion is quite common cleaning of our intimate region of various possible impurities: dead cells, bacteria, cuts that are located in the lower limb. There can be something else to waste. That is why at the entrance of the cervix of the uterus there are glands secreting and thus expelling the fluid out.
In addition to this, the secretion helps maintain the proper acidity of the vagina, thus creating ideal conditions for the growth of “good” lactobacilli, which help maintain a healthy vaginal flora, preventing the development of pathogenic bacteria.
What does vaginal secret look like?
In general, the secret is clear or creamy and has no unpleasant smell. However, the appearance and amount of secretion is affected by menstrual cycle hormones. Here’s what you can expect every month.
Immediately after the menstrual period, the amount of secretion is moderated. Although there are traces of blood in it, the color is white and is quite thick.
As we approach ovulation, the amount of secretion secreted increases and its density decreases. It passes through the white-yellowish phase, through the translucent, during the ovulation, to the milk of the butter after ovulation. During ovulation, the amount of secretion is the largest and is somehow the most precious at that time, so it is best to wear daily napkins in that period to avoid the unpleasant feeling of the damp lower lining.
After ovulation, the secretion is getting less and less so that it is minimal before the menstrual period. He is then grumpy and dry, flattering. But, many do not need the secret to finding that time for the next menstrual bleeding. Blessed are those who did not pass through the serious PMS every month. You can fight, but you can not win it.
Why is the quality and quantity of the secretion important?
Once upon a time, people, like most animals, had sex only for extending the species. As the relationship always had to take place when the egg cell was ready for fertilization, so did the rest of the reproductive system prepare for that act. Enhanced secretion is, in fact, the protection of a susceptible vaginal flora from sperm, which has a higher pH value, which is why the ovulation is most abundant and finer.
So, no matter what we’ve turned to mother nature and decided to take the matter in our hands, for thousands of years our reproductive system goes through the same old phase and never gets used to it.
When is the time to be worried?
If the secret is a normal thing, how do you recognize any signs of illness or some vaginal discomfort?
First, follow the smell. At various places on the Internet you can read that the scent of the secretion needs to be this or that, but I believe every woman has her own unique scent that she needs to learn to recognize in order to know when something unpleasant happens. Generally speaking, the scent on the fish is always a bad sign: it usually means a bacterial vaginosis.
Second, you will have other problems. Snoring, choking, discomfort, redness, irritation. Any of this can point to the need to pay attention and take something.
And my suggestion is for you: do not panic. First, try some intimate hygiene. If that’s not enough, check out our product selector. This site can help you find the right product according to your symptoms. But if the symptoms do not go away within a couple of days – visit your gynecologist. He will prescribe you the right medication, and you can use some of the Multi-Gyn products to enhance your therapy. Free.
Burning can be caused bacteria, viruses or fungi to facilitate its emergence, intimate preparations that reduce acidity, wearing wool instead of synthetic material, etc. The most common sign of inflammation is the smell and secretion.
Increased secretion followed by itching, peeling, redness and dense grain with abundant secretion is the most common sign of candidiasis. This infection occurs in three out of four women over a period of life. The cause is the fungus of Candida albicans, which is normally a normal resident of the stomach. Increased risk for women wearing synthetic wounds, excessive care of hygiene, having anemia, thyroid gland disease, diabetes, and lice of antibiotics.
All illnesses and conditions affecting immune deficiency favor the development of the candidate. Leaves against fungus formulations in the form of creams or vaginas, the active ingredient of which is clotrimazole. Treatment lasts for 1-7 days and during that period sexual relations must be avoided. If candidiasis persists and is constantly coming back, the doctor also prescribes tablets or capsules against the fungus, for oral use.
Bacterial vaginosis occurs when the natural balance of the bacteria in the vagina is disturbed and they start to reproduce bacteria that are pathogenic. Otherwise, these bacteria are normally present in the vaginal medium but in a small number. The most common cause is Gardnerella vaginalis.
The basic symptom of bacterial infection is milk secretion, an unpleasant smell on the fish that is especially pronounced after a polar relationship. Bacterial vaginosis leans against antibiotics. During treatment and after treatment it is recommended to have a diet rich in fermented foods such as yogurt, sour cabbage, etc. Bacterial vaginosis is not considered to be a semi-transmissible disease but if a woman has frequent infections, it is necessary to have a lice and partner.
Genital herpes is an infection caused by Herpes simplex type 1 and 2 viruses. Usually occurs when the immune system is already weakened. The first symptoms are burning and burning, wheezing, pain. Infection was followed by general fatigue, elevated temperature, headache.
After a few days the secret becomes mutilated, rocket shoots and creams that last about 14 days. Treatment is done with antiviral drugs and lasts 4 weeks. There should be no sexual intercourse during treatment. It is also recommended to take immune enhancement preparations. Genital herpes is prone to repetition and infection should be monitored. It is particularly dangerous for pregnant women. During childbirth, babies can be transmitted and cause very serious illness.
Gynecological infections are more common in the let-down period, contributing to warm weather, wearing swimwear, sitting on wet masks, frequent relocating partners. In winter, gynecological infections are also not rare. They are worn by pantyhose, pantyhose.
The rule of hygiene is the basic measure of vaginal infections prevention. Pretreatment as well as the use of aggressive soaps and shower gels are equally damaging to women’s intimate health as lack of hygiene is. To preserve the health of your intimate zone, respond to any changes in odor and appearance, do not let the infection develop and complicate. At least once a year visit a gynecologist for a regular gynecological examination.
When to visit a doctor?
It is difficult to give a single answer to the question when vaginal discharge is normal and when it is necessary to visit a doctor. Namely, the response may vary greatly depending on some factors, such as:
- use of herbal preparations or vitamins
- pain or itching accompanied by discharge
- other health problems, such as diabetes.
Also, an important factor is sexual activity, as the symptoms may vary depending on:
- number of sexual partners
- using contraceptive pill
- previous abortion.
Generally, a normal vaginal discharge consists of about one teaspoon (4 milliliter) of secretion per day, and it is common when it is:
- dense or thick